Odoo unittest

Test classes

From odoo/tests/common.py:

class BaseCase(unittest.TestCase):
    """
    Subclass of TestCase for common OpenERP-specific code.

    This class is abstract and expects self.registry, self.cr and self.uid to be
    initialized by subclasses.
    """

class TransactionCase(BaseCase):
    """ TestCase in which each test method is run in its own transaction,
    and with its own cursor. The transaction is rolled back and the cursor
    is closed after each test.
    """

class SingleTransactionCase(BaseCase):
    """ TestCase in which all test methods are run in the same transaction,
    the transaction is started with the first test method and rolled back at
    the end of the last.
    """

class SavepointCase(SingleTransactionCase):
    """ Similar to :class:`SingleTransactionCase` in that all test methods
    are run in a single transaction *but* each test case is run inside a
    rollbacked savepoint (sub-transaction).

    Useful for test cases containing fast tests but with significant database
    setup common to all cases (complex in-db test data): :meth:`~.setUpClass`
    can be used to generate db test data once, then all test cases use the
    same data without influencing one another but without having to recreate
    the test data either.
    """

class HttpCase(TransactionCase):
    """ Transactional HTTP TestCase with url_open and phantomjs helpers.
    """

setUp and other methods

For more information see https://docs.python.org/2.7/library/unittest.html#test-cases

  • setUp() – Method called to prepare the test fixture. This is called immediately before calling the test method. It’s recommended to use in TransactionCase and HttpCase classes

  • setUpClass() – A class method called before tests in an individual class run. setUpClass is called with the class as the only argument and must be decorated as a classmethod(). It’s recommended to use in SingleTransactionCase and SavepointCase classes

    @classmethod
    def setUpClass(cls):
        ...
    
  • tearDown(), tearDownClass – are called after test(s). Usually are not used in odoo tests

Assert Methods

Main methods:

Method

Checks that

assertEqual(a, b)

a == b

assertNotEqual(a, b)

a != b

assertTrue(x)

bool(x) is True

assertFalse(x)

bool(x) is False

assertIs(a, b)

a is b

assertIsNot(a, b)

a is not b

assertIsNone(x)

x is None

assertIsNotNone(x)

x is not None

assertIn(a, b)

a in b

assertNotIn(a, b)

a not in b

assertIsInstance(a, b)

isinstance(a, b)

assertNotIsInstance(a, b)

not isinstance(a, b)

Also, to check error raising:

with self.assertRaises(ValidationError):
    # some code that supposed to raise error
    ...